Know About : Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB)

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The Government of India constituted a statutory body, the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) on 6 June 2007, by amending the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, a special Act to protect the wildlife in the country. WCCB would complement the efforts of the state governments, primary enforcers of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and other enforcement agencies of the country.

The Bureau was initially headed by a Senior Police Officer of Inspector General of Police rank, Ms. Rina Mitra, and the organisation achieved substantial progress under her leadership.

WCCB won the prestigious 2010 Clark R. Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Awards for its outstanding work on wildlife law enforcement in the country, which was received by Ramesh K Pandey, Deputy Director, on behalf of WCCB.

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau is a statutory multi-disciplinary body established by the Government of India under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, to combat organized wildlife crime in the country. The Bureau has its headquarter in New Delhi and five regional offices at Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Jabalpur; three sub-regional offices at Guwahati, Amritsar and Cochin; and five border units at Ramanathapuram, Gorakhpur, Motihari, Nathula and Moreh.

Under Section 38 (Z) of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, it is mandated to collect and collate intelligence related to organized wildlife crime activities and to disseminate the same to State and other enforcement agencies for immediate action so as to apprehend the criminals;

To establish a centralized wildlife crime data bank;

Co-ordinate actions by various agencies in connection with the enforcement of the provisions of the Act;

Assist foreign authorities and international organization concerned to facilitate co-ordination and universal action for wildlife crime control;

Capacity building of the wildlife crime enforcement agencies for scientific and professional investigation into wildlife crimes and assist State Governments to ensure success in prosecutions related to wildlife crimes;

And advise the Government of India on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications, relevant policy and laws.

It also assists and advises the Customs Department in inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of Wild Life Protection Act, CITES and EXIM Policy governing such an item.

WCCB is also partnering with United Nations University and CIESIN-Earth Institute at Columbia University through the Wildlife Enforcement Monitoring System Initiative.

Creation of Wildlife Crime Control Bureau :

On 24th May 1994, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, constituted a Committee on “Prevention of Illegal Trade in Wildlife and Wildlife Products”. The Committee was headed by Dr. S. Subramaniam and it was to look into the issues related to illegal trade in wildlife and wildlife products and to make recommendations for its effective control.

The committee submitted its report on 8th August 1994. The Committee observed that illegal trade in wildlife has raised its head in an organized manner in the country and lack of well – structured enforcement machinery and a system of flow of information are hampering any meaningful effort to put an end to this menace. The Committee also felt the need for time bound action plan. Its recommendations included – establishment of a Central Task Force designated as Directorate of Prevention of Crime against wildlife with branches in important centres that would co-ordinate with the enforcement agencies; establishment of Central Wildlife Crime Data Bank to collect, collate and analyze data on wildlife and provide actionable guidelines to field staff; and establishment of good intelligence network.

In 1997, the Minister of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, held a meeting to discuss the Ministry’s involvement in Tiger Protection. A proposal to house a directorate of enforcement for wildlife crime in the Ministry of Home Affairs was not accepted. In 1998, the Ministry of Home Affairs agreed with the creation of wildlife trade prevention control bureau under the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

In the year 2000 international attention focused on India due to apparent escalation in illegal wildlife trade in the country, following significant seizures of wildlife articles in Ghaziabad (18/12/1999) and Khaga (12/01/2000). In the 11th COP of CITES (Kenya 2000) India promised to open a Wildlife Crime Cell to tackle poaching of tiger and illegal trade in tiger parts and derivatives.

The Minister of Environment and Forests approved the constitution of Wildlife Crime Cell in the Ministry of Environment & Forests, and a notification to this effect was issued on July 18, 2001. The objectives of the Cell were to collect intelligence on wildlife, poaching and illegal trade of wildlife; and to collect, collate, analyze and pass on the same to the most appropriate agency for enforcement action.

 

In December 2004, the nation was shocked to know that tigers may have disappeared from the Sariska Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan. By March 2005, the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) confirmed in its interim report (which it followed up with detailed habitat monitoring) that there were indeed no tigers left in Sariska. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) was asked to inquire into the disappearance. CBI investigation revealed that since July 2002, poachers had been killing tigers in the reserve and that the last six tigers were killed in the summer – monsoon of 2004.

Consequently, the Ministry of Environment and Forests set up Tiger Task Force on April 19, 2005, to review the management of tiger reserves. The Task Force was set up because of a crisis, but it was to look beyond the immediate crisis so that the survival of the tiger could be guaranteed. The Task Force submitted its report in July 2005. It observed that unless the crime bureau can work effectively on different levels — one, to strengthen the enforcement at the state level; two, to investigate international trade links; and three, to break the crime of large poachers — it will not be possible to effectively deal with the crime. For this reason, the Task Force suggested to set up a wildlife crime bureau at the central level, with nodes in each tiger range state with capacity to both investigate and follow up on the crime.

A proposal for constitution of a National Wildlife Crime Control Bureau under the Ministry of Environment and Forests to combat organized illegal trade in wildlife and their derivatives, was in – principle approved in the second meeting of the National Board for Wildlife chaired by the Prime Minister on 17th March 2005. As a result, a proposal was submitted to the Cabinet, which was discussed in its meeting held on 10th November 2005, and was sent to the Union Ministry of Law & Justice for further examination.

The department of Legal Affairs had suggested enacting of legislation for fulfilling the objectives of the Bureau. The Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests, in its 154th Report had also strongly emphasized creation of the said Bureau as a statutory authority under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972. The Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006, was passed in the Parliament during its monsoon session of 2006, providing enabling provisions for constituting the Bureau. The Act received the assent of the President on 3rd September 2006, and its provisions came in to force on 4th September 2006.

Consequently, a note for the Cabinet on constitution of Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau was submitted by the Ministry of Environment and Forests on 24th May, 2007; and the Cabinet in its meeting held on 31st May 2007, approved the proposal for the constitution of the Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau. The Government of India notified the constitution of the Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau to be known as the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau vide Order No. S.O. 918 (E) dated 6th June 2007. It became operational in the year 2008.

Organization Chart of WCCB
Organization Chart of WCCB

About WCCB :

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau is a statutory multi-disciplinary body established by the Government of India under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, to combat organized wildlife crime in the country. The Bureau has its headquarter in New Delhi and five regional offices at Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Jabalpur; three sub-regional offices at Guwahati, Amritsar and Cochin; and five border units at Ramanathapuram, Gorakhpur, Motihari, Nathula and Moreh. Under Section 38 (Z) of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, it is mandated to collect and collate intelligence related to organized wildlife crime activities and to disseminate the same to State and other enforcement agencies for immediate action so as to apprehend the criminals; to establish a centralized wildlife crime data bank; co-ordinate actions by various agencies in connection with the enforcement of the provisions of the Act; assist foreign authorities and international organization concerned to facilitate co-ordination and universal action for wildlife crime control; capacity building of the wildlife crime enforcement agencies for scientific and professional investigation into wildlife crimes and assist State Governments to ensure success in prosecutions related to wildlife crimes; and advise the Government of India on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications, relevant policy and laws. It also assists and advises the Customs Department in inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of Wild Life Protection Act, CITES and EXIM Policy governing such an item.

Mission of WCCB:

–> To develop mechanism for gathering of intelligence related to wildlife crime and illegal wildlife trade in the country.
–> To disseminate intelligence to the concerned agencies for timely and result oriented action.
–> To develop wildlife crime database management system for better analysis and record generation to effectively implement wildlife policy in the country.
–> To co-ordinate the efforts and actions of various state and central enforcement agencies towards better enforcement of Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
–> To develop infrastructure and capacity building of the enforcement officials into wildlife crime and illegal trade and equip them with latest know how of trends and methods to counter the actions of organized wildlife crime networks.
–> To implement obligations under various international conventions and protocols in force at present and to assist the efforts of various international law enforcement agencies towards enforcement of legal provisions.
–> To advice Government of India on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications and suggest changes in relevant policy related to wildlife crimes.

WCCB Chief :

Ms. Tilotama Varma WCCB
Ms. Tilotama Varma, Chief & Addl. Director, WCCB

Ms. Tilotama Varma is an IPS Officer (1990 batch), currently working as the Chief & Additional Director, Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Sanction Strength :

S.N. Name of the Post Sanctioned Strength Mode of Recruitment
 1 Chief & Additional Director 1 Deputation
 2 Joint Director 2 Deputation
 3 Deputy Director 4 Deputation
 4 Regional Deputy Director 4 Deputation
 5 Assistant Director 6 50:50 (PR:DP)
 6 Public Prosecutor 1 Deputation
 7 Wildlife Inspector 10 80:20 (DR:PR)
 8 Inspector 7 Deputation
 9 Stenographer Grade I 6 33.33% by PR – 66.67% by DP
 10 Stenographer Grade III 4 50:50 (DR:DP) failing which by Deputation
 11 UDC 8 100% Promotion failing which Deputation
 12 Technical Assistant 3 DR
 13 LDC 7 50:50 (DR:DP) failing which by Deputation
 14 Constable 25 Deputation
 15 Driver 7 DR
 16 MTS 14 DR
 TOTAL 109 

 

Training Programs of WCCB

World Environment Day 2018
On the occasion of World Environment Day, 2018 with the theme “Beat Plastic Pollution”, WCCB Northern Region conducted One Day Sensitization Programme at I.G.I. Air Cargo, New Delhi on 29.05.2018. A signature campaign was organized in this connection to garner support of different stakeholders to refuse, reduce and re-use plastic products.


Training Program
Capacity Building Training Program on “Strengthening Wildlife Law Enforcement” for Forest officers organized by WCCB, Western Region at Melghat Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra on 09 and 10 August 2018.


Training Program
The INTERPOL organized a training program jointly with Department of Forests and Park Services and WCCB on crime detection for Bhutan’s Forest and other officials under INTERPOL Environmental Security Program with aim to strengthen Global Wildlife Enforcement to prevent Wildlife Crime on 28th to 30th August 2018. WCCB officials participated as trainers and provided inputs to officials of Bhutan.


Sensitization Program
Sensitization Program conducted on “Prevention of Wildlife Crime & Trafficking/ Smuggling of Wildlife Products”, for the Customs officials on 21.08.2018, 24.08.2018 and 27.08.2018 at Mumbai, Maharashtra by officials of WCCB, Western Region.


Sensitization Program
Sensitization Program conducted on “Prevention of Wildlife Crime & Trafficking/ Smuggling of Wildlife Products”, for the RPF officials on 04.05.2018 at New Delhi Railway Station by officials of WCCB, Northern Region.


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