Central Bureau of Narcotics (CBN : केंद्रीय नारकोटिक्स ब्यूरो) is affiliated with Ministry of Finance and is regulated by the country’s Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC). The main function of CBN is to stop opium production and trade, and to issue licenses for production of legal synthetic drugs. The Central Bureau of Narcotics headquarters is located at Gwalior.
The incumbent Commissioner of Central Bureau of Narcotics is an Indian Revenue Service (IRS C&IT) Officer Mr. Rajesh Puri IRS.
History of CBN :
The use of opium for medicinal purposes in India can be traced back as far back as 1000 AD where it finds mention in ancient texts such as “Dhanwantri Nighantu” as a remedy for variety of ailments. In Emperor Akbar time (1543 to 1605) opium was cultivated extensively in the Malwa (in MP) and Mewar (in Rajasthan) regions. The opium poppy contains alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, thebaine, narcotine, papavarine which have analgesic, anti-tussive and anti-spasmodic properties.
During the British East India Company Rule, collection of revenue from opium was made part of fiscal policy and various Opium Agencies such as the Bengal, Benaras, Bihar, Malwa Agencies were formed over time. Prior to 1950, the administration of the Narcotics Laws, namely, the Opium Act of 1857 & 1878 and the Dangerous Drugs Act 1930 vested with the Provincial Government. The amalgamation of these Agencies laid the foundation of the “Opium Department” in November, 1950 which is presently known as Central Bureau of Narcotics (CBN). The headquarters of Central Bureau of Narcotics was shifted from Shimla to Gwalior in 1960.
All the three enactments mentioned above were repealed by the Narcotics Drugs & Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (NDPS Act, 1985).
Duties of CBN :
–> Supervision over licit cultivation of opium poppy In India spread across 22 Districts 102 Tehsils/ Parganas in the States of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
–> Preventive and enforcement functions especially in the three poppy growing States.
–> Investigation of cases under the NDPS Act, 1985 and filing of complaint in the Court.
–> Action for tracing and freezing of illegally acquired property as per the provisions of Chapter V-A of the NDPS Act, 1985.
–> Issue of licences for manufacture of synthetic narcotic drugs
–> Issuance of Export Authorisations/ Import Certificate for export/ import of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
–> Issuance of No Objection Certificate (NOC) for import/ export of a select number of Precursor Chemicals
–> Import of Poppy Seeds are permitted only from Australia, Austria, France, China, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovenia, Spain Turkey and Czech Republic on production of an appropriate certificate from the Competent Authority of the exporting country that the opium have been grown licitly/ legally in that country. All import contracts for this item shall compulsory be registered with the Narcotics Commissioner, Gwalior prior to import.
–> India is a signatory to the UN Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961, UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances 1971 & UN Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, 1988 which obligates member countries to monitor the implementation of the United Nations drug control conventions. CBN interacts with the International Narcotics Control Board, Vienna and the Competent Authorities of other countries to verify genuiness of the transaction prior to authorizing the shipments.
About Central Bureau of Narcotics :
Central Bureau of Narcotics (C.B.N.) is headed by the Narcotics Commissioner, who is an Indian Revenue Service Officer of Customs & Indirect Taxes Cadre (IRS C&IT). The Commissioner is assisted by Deputy Narcotics Commissioners in charge of the Units in the opium growing states i.e. Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Their offices are located at Neemuch, Kota and Lucknow respectively.
A Unit comprises of number of Divisional offices headed by a District Opium Officer (DOO) (Group ‘B’ Gazetted officer), who looks after the poppy cultivation aspects such as licensing of cultivators, measurement of poppy fields, collection of opium, etc. In addition, there are Preventive & Intelligence Cell (P&I Cell) headed by Superintendents (Group ‘B’ Gazetted Officer). The P&I Cell look after the enforcement aspects. Both the DOO and Supdts. in the Unit report to the DNC in-charge of their Unit. The Central Bureau of Narcotics headquarter is located at Gwalior. The Narcotics Commissioner is assisted by two Dy. Narcotics Commissioners (DNCs) and two Asstt. Narcotics Commissioners (ANCs) along with other support staff/ officers. Besides, overall supervision of activities in respect of all matter relating to Superintendence over opium poppy cultivation, the headquarters office also attends to the issuance of Authorization of Import/ Export of NDPS and other related work.
Ranks of the Central Bureau of Narcotics
|Rank||Cadre||Position in the Government of India||Pay Band|
|1||Narcotics Commissioner||Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Indirect Taxes)||Senior Administrative Grade||Rs. 37,400 – 67,000 with GP Rs. 10,000|
|2||Deputy Narcotics Commissioner||Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Indirect Taxes)||Selection Grade||Rs. 37,400 – 67,000 with GP Rs. 8,700|
|3||Assistant Narcotics Commissioner||Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Indirect Taxes)||Senior Time Scale / Junior Time Scale||Rs. 15,600 – 39,100 with GP Rs. 6,600 / Rs. 5,400|
|4||Superintendent of Narcotics / District Opium Officer||Central Bureau of Narcotics Class II Gazetted||NA||Rs. 9,300 – 34,800 with GP Rs. 4,800|
|5||Inspector / Intelligence Officer||Central Bureau of Narcotics Class II Non Gazetted||NA||Rs. 9,300 – 34,800 with GP Rs. 4,600|
|6||Sub Inspector||Central Bureau of Narcotics Class III Non Gazetted||NA||Rs. 5,200 – 20,000 with GP Rs. 2,400|
|7||Assistant Sub Inspector (Weapons/DH)||Central Bureau of Narcotics Class III Non Gazetted||NA||Rs. 5,200 – 20,000 with GP Rs. 2,000|
|8||Head Havaldar||Central Bureau of Narcotics Class III Non Gazetted||NA||Rs. 5,200 – 20,000 with GP Rs. 1,900|
|9||Havaldar||Central Bureau of Narcotics Class III Non Gazetted||NA||Rs. 5,200 – 20,000 with GP Rs. 1,800|
Powers & Duties of it’s Officers & Employees :
(1) Narcotics Commissioner
The Narcotics Commissioner is the Head of the Department. He undertakes overall supervision and control over all the activities of the Department. Apart from the general administrative powers of the Head of the Department, the Narcotics Commissioner enjoys all executive powers under the NDPS Act, 1985.
(2) Deputy Narcotics Commissioner
There are two Deputy Narcotics Commissioners at Headquarters, Gwalior degisnated as (i) DNC (Admn.) and (ii) DNC (Enforcement). The DNC (Admn) controls and supervises the overall administration of the office, while the DNC (Enft.) controls and supervises work of the Technical Section, Opium Section and also the enforcement function of the Department. The DNC (Enft.) also exercise supervision over the Preventive and Intelligence Cells located at New Delhi and Guwahati, as these offices function directly under the Headquarters Office of CBN. The DNC (Admn.) is Head of Office for the purpose of appointment of Group ‘C’ & ‘D’ employees of the Department. The field DNCs located at Neemuch, Kota and Lucknow supervise the work and function of the Opium Divisions and the Preventive and Intelligence Cells in the States of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh respectively. The field Deputy Narcotics Commissioners also function as an appellate authority under Rule 28(1)(a) of the NDPS Rules, in the matters relating to refusal, withholding or cancellation of a licence for opium poppy cultivation by the District Opium Officer. In addition, the field DNCs, for sufficient reasons to be recorded in written, can withhold or cancel a licence already issued under the provision of Rule 11(1) of the NDPS Rules, 1985.
(3) Assistant Narcotics Commissioner
The Assistant Narcotics Commissioners in the Headquarters i.e. ANC (Hqrs.) and ANC (Technical) directly work under the DNC (Admn.) and DNC (Enft.) respectively. The ANC (Headquarters) is also the Head of Office. In the Units, the ANCs directly work under the DNCs and undertake the work and function as assigned by the field DNCs. In addition, the field ANCs, for sufficient reasons to be recorded in written, can withhold or cancel a licence already issued under the provision of Rule 11(1) of the NDPS Rules, 1985.
(4) Superintendent (Preventive) / District Opium Officers
The Superintendent is the over all Incharge of Preventive & Intelligence Cells. He supervises the work of officials working under his charge.
When the Superintendents are posted in Divisions they are known as District Opium Officers. District Opium Officer (DOO) is the licencing authority for issue of licence for licit opium poppy cultivation in his Division under Rule 8 of the NDPS Rules, 1985. He also supervises all functions and duties relating to Licensing/Cultivation, Measurement and Test-measurement of poppy fields, Preliminary Weighment and Weighment / procurement of opium produce in respect of all cultivators in his division. He is the Drawing and Disbursing officer of his office and exercises superintendence over the division office. He also performs enforcement functions under the NDPS Act, 1985.
The post of an Inspector is an executive post under CBN. The Inspector looks after all the work relating to cultivation as well as enforcement work and such other work as entrusted to him.
Under the NDPS Act, 1985 the Inspector has been entrusted to perform the functions as indicated in Section 42, 43, 44, 49 and 53 relating to search, seizures and investigation.
An opium division comprises an average of 4-5 Ranges. A Sub Inspector in the Opium Division is the in-charge of a Range. His primary duty is to undertake measurement of the area of all the licensed fields, to ensure that there is no cultivation of opium poppy without a licence. He attends to all other related functions of his Range. At the time of weighment, the Sub Inspector assists the DOO and attends other work as assigned relating to procurement of opium, despatch of opium consignment to Govt. Opium Factories, etc.
In addition to the above functions, the Sub-Inspector also attends to the enforcement work and such other work as assigned to him in the field and Hqrs. Office of the Department.
Under the NDPS Act, 1985 the Sub-Inspector has been entrusted to perform the functions as indicated in Section 42, 43, 44, and 49 relating to search, and seizures.
(7) Assistant Sub-Inspector (Weapons-DH)
The basic work of the ASI of Narcotics is to look after armoury of the Department. The ASI is also the head of Dog Squad in the Department.
(8) Head Havaldar / Havaldar
The Head Havaldar / Havaldar assist the Sub Inspector in measurement of poppy fields of licensed cultivators. They also accompany the executive officer and render all necessary assistance during enforcement operations. They are also required to guard Government buildings, escort opium consignments and render such assistance as is required in discharging the functions of the Department.
Field Formations :
Central Bureau of Narcotics has 17 cultivation divisions situated at Neemuch, Mandsaur, Jaora, Kota, Bareilly, etc. which are headed by District Opium Officer and 22 Preventive and Intelligence Divisions situated at Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Indore, Jaipur, Lucknow, etc. which are headed by Assistant Narcotics Commissioner or Narcotics Superintendent. The headquarters are situated at Mall Road in Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh) which is headed by Narcotics Commissioner.
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